Bird sapphire and ruby orifices are scientifically designed to to insure repeatable flow control of both liquids and gas.
Ruby and sapphire materials are used exclusively because of their durable material characteristics. This economical man made crystal has amazing credentials
1.Extreme hardness, 9 mohs scale, next to diamond
2.Practically chemically inert, highly resistant to most alkalis and acids
3.Extreme abrasion resistance, 5 x that of tungsten carbides.
4.Does not outgas, zero porosity
5.Non-thrombogenic, for medical applications
7.High temperature material, 2000 degree C melting point.
8.No flash points, extensively used in oxygen environments.
With such impressive material characteristics, the desig...